What’s the Difference between Frontend and Backend Development?

If you’re new to web development, you’ve likely come across the words “Front end development” and “Back end development”. Exactly, what do we mean by the Front end and Back end?

In this blog, we’ll go over the differences between Front-end and Backend Web Development.

What is front-end development?

Front-end web development is the process of creating a website’s graphical user interface (GUI) using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript so that people can view and interact with it. Also called “client-side”, it includes everything the user experiences directly, from text and colors to buttons, images, and menus.

Front-end developers create elements such as:

  • Buttons
  • Layouts
  • Navigation
  • Images
  • Graphics
  • Animations
  • Content organization


What are the most using frontend programming languages?

HTML, CSS, and JavaScript are at the most using Front End development languages. The three languages are very simple to grab and offer plenty of flexibility and creativity.



HTML is the basic coding language for creating and organizing web content so it can be displayed by a browser.


Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a language for specifying the appearance of a document written in a mark-up language like HTML.


JavaScript is a programming language for creating more components like modal windows, drop-down menus, and contact forms.


What is back-end development?

Back-end development refers to the server-side of an application, as well as everything between the database and the browser. Back-end development is focused on the side of the website that users do not see.

While visitors do not engage directly with the back end of a website, they will indirectly connect with elements developed by these developers via a front-end application. Back-end development is focused on data storage and organization, as well as ensuring that the front end works properly.


Back end web developers are responsible for tasks such as:

  • Troubleshooting and debugging web applications
  • Building code
  • Framework utilization
  • Database management


The key differences between Front End and Back End Development

Let’s look at some of the Key Differences between Front End and Back End Development.

Graphical User Interface (GUI) is the front end (GUI). Users who interact with the overall design, texts, videos, photos, and other elements can access a variety of services, such as going to different menus, searching for items, and so on. Users, on the other hand, are unable to view the Back end, which controls how the website should function.

HTML, CSS, and JavaScript are used by front-end developers. The front end uses its own frameworks and libraries as well. A front end developer could use the following frameworks and libraries:

  • Sass
  • AngularJS
  • jQuery
  • js

PHP, C++, Java, Python, JavaScript, and Node.js are all used by back-end developers. Frameworks for the back end include:

  • Django
  • Laravel
  • AngularJS
  • NodeJS

Comparison Table of Front End vs. Back End

Front End Back End
It is a client-side of the website or an application. It is a server-side of the website or an application.
It collects user input. It processes user inputs.
It is the Graphical User Interface (GUI) because
of which users can experience
various services on the web.
Assume it is the brain of a website that
allows it to function effectively.
It is responsible for accessibility,
Search Engine Optimization.
It is responsible for security, Backup.
Mark-up and web languages are used
for the front end, such as
HTML, CSS, JavaScript, etc.
Programming and Scripting languages
are used for the back end development,
such as Python, PHP, .Net, etc.



Hope that many of you now understand what the difference between front-end and Backend Web Development is.

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